enda

Carl Th. Dreyer

(1889 - 1968)

Director, screenwriter, cinema manager. Born 3 February 1889. Died 20 March 1968, at age 79.


Carl Theodor Dreyer is the most important director in Danish cinema. Internationally, Dreyer ranks among the greatest artists ever to work in the medium of film. Born out of wedlock (as Karl Nilsson), he was adopted at age two by a Danish couple. His biological mother died shortly after giving him up for adoption. Many film scholars regard Dreyer's leitmotif of tragic, suffering women as a biographical element in his films.


Dreyer started his career as a journalist and wrote screenplays on the side. His first realised screenplay was "Bryggerens Datter" (Rasmus Ottesen, 1912) produced by Skandinavisk-Russisk Handelshus. From 1913-18, Dreyer worked as a screenwriter at Nordisk Film. There he directed his first film, "Præsidenten" / "The President" (1919). In the 1920s, Dreyer mainly worked abroad. In France, he directed his best-known film and masterpiece, "La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc" / "The Passion of Joan of Arc" (France, 1928).


Ten years would pass after Dreyer made his first sound film, "Vampyr" / "The Vampire" (France/Germany, 1932), before he got work again as a director, making the short film "Mødrehjælpen" / "Good Mothers" (1942). The following year saw "Vredens Dag" / "Day of Wrath" (1943), a feature whose tightly wound depiction of 17th-century witch hunts can be seen as a comment on the Nazi occupation of Denmark at the time. In 1952, Dreyer acquired the license for the Dagmar cinema in Copenhagen.


Apart from a handful of shorts, the great filmmaker only got to make two features in his remaining years. And he only got the opportunity, because the Ministry of Justice urged the Palladium film company to improve the quality of its films if it wanted to keep its cinema licence as a production company.


Dreyer dedicated his last years to research and even learned Hebrew while planning "Jesus af Nazareth," a film project that never made it into production.


Bibliography: Countless books and articles have been written about Dreyer. The following is just a small selection. Jean and Dale Drum: My Only Great Passion (2000). Raymond Carney: Speaking the Language of Desire (1989). Edvin Kau: Dreyers filmkunst (1989). Martin Drouzy: Carl Th. Dreyer født Nilsson (1982). David Bordwell: The Films of Carl-Theodor Dreyer (1981). Mark Nash: Dreyer (1977). Tom Milne: The Cinema of Carl Dreyer (1971). Ebbe Neergaard: Dreyer (1963).


Visit the Carl Th. Dreyer website for much more info - http://english.carlthdreyer.dk/

Filmography Awards Festivals
Title Year Function Category
Store danskere: Carl Th. Dreyer 2006 Appearance TV documentary
Kinomagazin: Carl Th. Dreyer und Gertrud 1994 Appearance TV film
Carl Th. Dreyer 1965 Appearance Documentary
Hæder til Carl Th. Dreyer 1965 Appearance Non-fiction footage
Gertrud 1964 Direction DK/Feature
Noget om Norden 1956 Idé DK/Documentary
Ordet 1955 Direction DK/Feature
Et slot i et slot 1954 Direction DK/Documentary
Rønne og Nexøs genopbygning 1954 Script DK/Documentary
Storstrømsbroen 1950 Direction DK/Documentary
Shakespeare og Kronborg 1950 Script DK/Documentary
Thorvaldsen 1949 Direction DK/Documentary
Statsradiofoniens barndom 1949 Editing DK/Documentary
De nåede færgen 1948 Direction DK/Short fiction
Landsbykirken 1947 Direction DK/Documentary
Kampen mod Kræften 1947 Direction DK/Documentary
The Seventh Age 1947 Script DK/Documentary
Vandet paa Landet 1946 Direction DK/Documentary
To Mennesker 1945 Direction Feature
Vredens Dag 1943 Direction DK/Feature
Mødrehjælpen 1942 Direction DK/Documentary
Vampyr 1932 Direction Feature
Jeanne d'Arcs Lidelse og Død 1928 Direction Feature
Glomdalsbruden 1926 Direction Feature
Du skal ære din Hustru 1925 Direction DK/Feature
Mikaël 1924 Direction Feature
Der var engang 1922 Direction DK/Feature
Elsker hverandre 1922 Direction Feature
Blade af Satans Bog 1921 Direction DK/Feature
Præsteenken 1921 Direction Feature
Præsidenten 1919 Direction DK/Feature
Grevindens Ære 1919 Script DK/Feature
Gillekop 1919 Script DK/Feature
Glædens Dag 1918 Script DK/Feature
Lydia 1918 Script DK/Feature
Den mystiske Selskabsdame 1917 Script DK/Feature
Fange Nr. 113 1917 Script DK/Feature
Hans rigtige Kone 1917 Script DK/Feature
Hotel Paradis 1917 Script DK/Feature
Herregaards-Mysteriet 1917 Script DK/Feature
Guldets Gift 1916 Script DK/Feature
Den hvide Djævel 1916 Script DK/Feature
Rovedderkoppen 1916 Script DK/Feature
Den skønne Evelyn 1916 Script DK/Feature
En Forbryders Liv og Levned 1916 Script DK/Feature
Pavillonens Hemmelighed 1916 Script DK/Feature
Penge 1915 Script DK/Feature
Ned med Vaabnene! 1915 Script DK/Feature
Juvelerernes Skræk 1915 Script DK/Feature
Balloneksplosionen 1913 Script DK/Feature
Elskovs Opfindsomhed 1913 Script DK/Short fiction
Chatollets Hemmelighed 1913 Script DK/Feature
Krigskorrespondenter 1913 Script DK/Feature
Bryggerens Datter 1912 Script DK/Feature
Dødsridtet 1912 Script DK/Feature
Dr. Cooks Ankomst 1909 Appearance Non-fiction footage
Det Danske Filminstitut registrerer international festivaldeltagelse og priser til danske film, dog primært de titler, som Filminstituttet varetager i sin festivaldistribution, og primært i forbindelse med de festivaler, som Filminstituttet har prioriteret at samarbejde med. Registreringen af festivaldeltagelse og priser til danske film, der ikke er i festivaldistribution, foretages kun for "launch"-festivaler ifølge Filminstituttets prioriterede festivalliste. Se listen over prioriterede festivaler.

Festivals

Festival Festival date Film
Moscow - Royal Danish Embassy 2011-09-05 Vredens Dag
Paris Cine Nordica 2009-12-16 Gertrud
Roskilde Festivalen - Manden med Cameraet 2004-06-24 De nåede færgen
Riga "...And The Word Became Film" 2004-04-15 Gertrud
Locarno, Festival internazionale del film 2003-08-06 De nåede færgen
Moscow - Royal Danish Embassy 2003-04-05 Gertrud
Rio de Janeiro International Short Film Festival 2002-11-28 Landsbykirken
London The Dainsh Wave 2002-10-10 Gertrud
Curzon Soho 2002-10-01 Gertrud
Bradford Eurovision 2002-10-01 Gertrud
Paris Danish Film Week 2002-07-02 Gertrud
Paris Danish Film Week 2002-07-02 Gertrud
Bradford Film Festival 2002-03-08 Gertrud
Los Angeles School Of Fine Arts, Univ. of South California 2001-10-21 Storstrømsbroen
Nazaire La Motostrata, Moto Magazine 2001-06-29 De nåede færgen
Paris Forum Des Images 2001-01-10 De nåede færgen
München Hochschule Für Fernsehen Und Film 2000-12-13 De nåede færgen
Austin Univercity Cinematexas 2000-10-18 De nåede færgen
Ghent Flanders Int. Film Festival 2000-10-10 De nåede færgen
Lussas Etats Generaux du Film Documentaire 2000-08-20 De nåede færgen
Valparaiso Int. Film Festival 2000-08-19 Landsbykirken
Berlin Film + Architektur e.V. 2000-06-30 Storstrømsbroen
Vila Do Conde Festival Int. De Curtas Metragens 2000-06-15 De nåede færgen
London Meltdown Festival 2000-06-12 Gertrud
Filmverband Sachsen Dansk Festival 1999-11-25 De nåede færgen
Hamburg International Kurz Film Festival 1999-06-15 De nåede færgen
Zürich Film Club Xenix 1999-05-01 Gertrud
Paris Danish Cultural Week 1995-03-29 Gertrud
Hamborg, Kinemathek Metropolis 1991-05-28 Gertrud
Valladolid International Film Festival 1985-10-26 Gertrud
Lisbon Danish Film Week 1983-01-25 Gertrud
Goa - Int. Film Festival of India 1983-01-03 Gertrud
Det Danske Filminstitut registrerer international festivaldeltagelse og priser til danske film, dog primært de titler, som Filminstituttet varetager i sin festivaldistribution, og primært i forbindelse med de festivaler, som Filminstituttet har prioriteret at samarbejde med. Registreringen af festivaldeltagelse og priser til danske film, der ikke er i festivaldistribution, foretages kun for "launch"-festivaler ifølge Filminstituttets prioriterede festivalliste. Se listen over prioriterede festivaler.